ARAMIS: EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF DAROLUTAMIDE IN NONMETASTATIC CASTRATION-RESISTANT PROSTATE CANCER (NMCRPC).
Delaying metastases for nmCRPC patients, while minimizing the risk of adverse events, is an important treatment goal. Darolutamide, a structurally unique androgen receptor (AR) antagonist, is being evaluated for the treatment of advanced prostate cancer. The ARAMIS trial studied the efficacy and safety of darolutamide in nmCRPC patients.
This double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III trial randomized nmCRPC patients in a 2:1 ratio to receive darolutamide 600 mg (two 300 mg tablets) twice-daily or placebo, while continuing androgen deprivation therapy. Patients were stratified by prostate-specific antigen doubling time (≤6 months or >6 months) and use of osteoclast-targeted therapy. The primary endpoint was metastasis-free survival (MFS), with independent central review of radiographic imaging every 16 weeks. Secondary endpoints include overall survival (OS), times to pain progression (assessed by Brief Pain Inventory), first cytotoxic chemotherapy and first symptomatic skeletal event, as well as safety profile.
In total, 1,509 patients were randomized (955 to darolutamide, 554 to placebo). Median MFS was 40.4 months with darolutamide vs 18.4 months with placebo (hazard ratio [HR] 0.41; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.34–0.50; 2-sided p<0.0001). OS showed a trend in favor of darolutamide (HR 0.71, 95% CI 0.50–0.99, 2-sided p=0.045), as did time to pain progression (HR 0.65; 95% CI 0.53–0.79; 2-sided p<0.0001). Other secondary and exploratory efficacy endpoints also favored darolutamide. Incidences of treatment-emergent adverse events (AEs) with ≥5% frequency or grade 3–5 were comparable between darolutamide and placebo arms; none except fatigue occurred in >10%. Discontinuation rates due to AEs were 8.9% with darolutamide and 8.7% with placebo. Grouped terms for AEs noted with other AR inhibitors (including fracture, falls, seizures, weight decrease, hypertension, and cognitive disorder) showed minimal or no difference in incidence between study arms.
Among men with nmCRPC, MFS was significantly longer with darolutamide than with placebo with a low incidence of treatment-related AEs in this asymptomatic patient population. Clinical trial information: NCT02200614
We would like to thank Drs Albertas Ulys, Egils Vjaters, Sergey Polyakov, Mindaugas Jievaltas, and Boris Y. Alekseev for their invaluable contributions to the ARAMIS study.
nmCRPC; darolutamide; phase 3; ARAMIS
Hospital Erasto Gaertner - Parana - Brasil
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